Historical Pointer

Industry

Climate

Soil

Population & Literacy

Forest

In Map View

Places of Interests

Principal crops

At a Glance

Mineral Water

Distance from Munger

Air Link

Institutions

 

                                    Forest

FOREST COVER OF  MUNGER FOREST DIVISION

        (Potentials of Echo-Tourism)

 

The Forest of Munger Forest Division is an oasis in land of scarcity. These forests are located in the South- West part of the District in the famous Kharagpur hill range south of river Ganga and are surrounded on all sides by non-forest areas inhabited by dense population.

 

The Forests of this Division were either Zamindari Forests or private Forests. Prior to 1946 the principal owners of these Forests were Maharaja of Darbhanga and Banaili Raj. After abolition of zamindari system, the ownership of these Forests vasted with the state Government. Even prior to the vesting of ownership rights, the zamindari Forests of Banaili Estate were taken over by the state u/s 38 of the Indian Forest act 1927 through an agreement entered into with the Ex-zamindari Forests of Banaili estate were given the lagal status of Reserved forests under Indian Forest Act 1927.

 

The management and control of other private forests were taken over under the Bihar Private Forest Act 1946/47. With the Imposition of the provisions of Land Reforms Act. 1950, in the Munger District, all zamindari Forests vested in the State. All the exrstwhile private proteated Forests were thereupon constituted as protected Forest under section 29 (3) of the Indian Forest Act 1927 and renotified.

 

The notified area of Munger Forest Division comprises 257.50 Sq K.M. of Reserved Forest and 424.40 Sq K.M. of Protected Forests.

 

The vegetation of these forests is very rich where Sal, Kend, Semal and other trees grow side by side the hilly terrain, protecting from the sunís rays the ferns and humble creepers which grow below.

But man has ravaged these forests brutally.

 

Prior to 1946, these forests were not managed scientifically and subjected to indiscriminate illicit fellings continuously with the result the large size timber is not found in these forests Besides, the outer areas of these hills have almost completely been denuded over the years.

 

The famous Kharagpur Hill Range was full of wildlife.  It was used to be a famous hunting ground known as Shikargah of Banaili Raj. Over the years the area had been subjected to ruthless poaching by the local Shikaris as well as Shikaris from Bhagalpur and Munger because of its easy accessibility.

 

A host of animals such as Tiger, Leopards, Sloth Bear, Nilgai, Sambhar, Barking deer, Wild boar, Fourhorned antilope used to abide by in these forests.

 

The Kharagpur hills block is the most important and intensive hill range in the region, which covers 676 Sq. K.M. in area. This hill range forms a distinct watershed, the country to the west being drained by the river Kiul and that to the east by the Man and other steams. This forms an irregular triangular block extending from near Jamalpur to Jamui Railway Station. The hill range consists of a number of steep ridges rising from the low ground on all sides with scraped faces of massive quartxzite in places. They are of irregular formations and do not run in any uniform direction. In between these rocky and irregular bills are valleys, some fairly extensive with patches of cultivation around several isolated villages inhabited mostly by tribes. Generally speaking the range is a bold and striking mass of rocks covered for the most part with good to degraded forests.

           

In the valley portions and at the foot hills are several hot springs of which the finest are at Bhimbandh, Sita Kund  and Rishi Kund . These hot springs and emanating from mantle of earth through fault planes.

           

Bhimbandh is sacred with the association of the Pandwas while Sita Kund is sanctified with the memory of Sita. The Rameshwar hot spring is also a sacred bathing spring. Neer the south-western fringe of these hills is Sringi-rishi, a sacred place associated with Siringi-Rishi and Raja Dashrath of Ram yuga, where there is a beautiful 5 monthed mountain and crystal clear bathing kund. This tract is thus indeligibly associated with both the Rame and Krishna Yug.

                                   

There are several peaks rising to a height of about 450 meters and the highest point is Maruk (488 M above MSL)-a table top hill covered with forest and crowned with a deep layer of laterite.To the north of this hill Range are low jungle cover approaching within a short distantce of Munger.In this Hill Range, besides Maruk, there are several others peaks,the most conspicuous being Maira (458 M) Maukasthan (467 M) and Abhayanath (482 M)

           

The Kharagpur hills are one of the best and ideal habitats for Leapard,Sloth-bear, wild-bear,hayana,Sambhar,Nilgai,Kotra etc and other smalter carnivores and herbivores.

Due to the above characteristics of the Kharagpur hills it was felt that the forest of the Munger division were of adequate elcological,faunal,floral,geomorphological and natural significance and it was necessary to protect, propagate and develop wildlife and it environment of this area. And that being the reason, the hole area (681.90 sq.K.M.) of the Munger forest Division was notified as Bhimbandh wildlife sanctuary by the Govt. of Bihar vide notification No.S.O.-965 dt.27.5.1976.

           

Kharagpur hills provide an excellent habitat for wildlife and a place of height tourist voltage. But it has remained so far totally undeveloped and neglected. There is no parallel to the famous hot springs of Bhimbandh at least in this country. Both wildlife and tourists potential of the area yet to be utilised to its potential.

           

Bhimbandh is situated about 10 kms from Munger-Jamui road. The approach road passes through lush green sal forests with admixture of pterocarpus marsupium(Bija),Terminalia Tomentos (Assan) and Madhuca Indica(Mahua tree).

           

The hot springs of Bhimbandh are situated about 60 kms. From Munger town. The deep in the hot water swimming pools at Bhimbandh leaves an unforgettable impression in the minds of visitors.

           

There are two fully-furnished forest rest Houses at Bhimbandh. These forest rest houses are available to Tourists on payment.

 

CENSUS REPORT - 2003

           

An elaborate census of animals found in the sanctuary area was conducted in the year 2003. The results of the census operation has given very encouraging results. The no. of different animals found the sanctuary is given below.

 

Name of wild animals

No. present in the Sanctuary

Tiger

8

Leopard

36

Mor

637

Wild Bear

1063

Rabbit

507

Hanuman

3388

Monkey

1612

Sahil

57

Bear

96

Cheetal

187

Barking Deer

559

Van Murgi

863

Nilgai

225

Python

39

Tiger

829

Newla

36

Goh

39

Hyena

36

 

After the bifurcation of the state, forest of Munger from a very important part as for as the total forest cover of the state has gone down to about 6.9 percent, the division is trying hand to preserve and Protect the forests what ever is left now.

      

The degraded forest area have been taken up for restocking and Protection, and Eco-Development Project have been  taken for the upleftment of people living in or near the Sanctuary area Forest Development Agency, Munger has been created and registered and nearly 85 village level forest committees have been created. A project of about 5.4 Crore has been submitted to the Govt. of India to be implemented by the Forest Development Agency, Munger.

 

Home

Copyright @ 2003 ATMA, Munger, Bihar.